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Operations during the 19th century focused on the production of kerosene, lamp oil, and paraffin wax; these products helped supply the growing demand for lighting that arose during the Industrial Revolution.
In Russia Peter the Great initiated an investigative program of Ukhta oil shale in 1697.
Data on physical and chemical properties of Ukhta oil shale was published by a correspondent member of the Russian Academy Tertii Bornovolokov in 1809. Kirk's retort, used in the mid-to-late 19th century, was one of the first vertical oil shale retorts.
Its design is typical of retorts used in the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century.
In 1866 Young established Young's Paraffin Light and Mineral Oil Company at Addiewell.
Other notable shale oil companies were the Broxburn Oil Company established in 1878 and the Pumpherston Oil Company established in 1892.
However, the discovery of cheap and abundant petroleum in the same region, starting with the Drake Oil Well at Titusville, Pennsylvania in 1859, put the American oil shale industry out of business by 1860.
In Australia, the first oil shale mine was commenced in 1865 at American Creek, Mount Kembla in New South Wales.
At the same year, the first shale oil was produced by the Pioneer Kerosene Works at American Creek.
The history of the oil shale industry started in ancient times.
The modern industrial use of oil shale for oil extraction dates to the mid-19th century and started growing just before World War I because of the mass production of automobiles and trucks and the supposed shortage of gasoline for transportation needs.
Between the World Wars oil shale projects were begun in several countries.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating